A fever producing substance. Endotoxin is a pyrogen. Also known as a pyrogenic lipopolysaccharide. SEE endotoxin.

Eliciting a fever.

Pulmonary artery catheters require a significant amount of manipulation during insertion, and adjustment during monitoring. The use of a sterile plastic sleeve over the exterior portion of the catheter reduces the microbial contamination of the surface, thus reducing the risk of infection. Because the catheter is usually dragged along the surface of the drape, the sleeve would also reduce lint contamination, therefore reducing the risk of lint thrombosis.

A creamy exudata that is the remains of necrosis of the tissues. Its main constituent is an abundance of polymorphonuclearphiles (PMN – aka neutrophils), fluids from this inflammatory response, bacteria and cell debris.

The insertion of a catheter into a pulmonary artery. Its purpose is diagnostic; it is used to detect heart failure or sepsis, monitor therapy, and evaluate the effects of drugs. The pulmonary artery catheter allows direct, simultaneous measurement of pressures in the right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, and the filling pressure (wedge pressure) of the left atrium. The pulmonary artery catheter is frequently referred to as a Swan-Ganz catheter.

A thickening of the circular layer of gastric musculature encircling the gastroduodenal junction.

The flow of blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs for exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the pulmonary capillaries, then through the pulmonary veins to the left atrium to be sent out to the body through the aorta.

Hyperthermia, fever, body temperature above the usual range.

Blockage in the pulmonary artery most commonly clot. Can cause rapid death.

The study of the volume and pressure changes produced in the thorax and lungs by the muscles of breathing; the muscles of ventilation generate the pressures that overcome the natural elasticity, or static properties, of the respiratory system during conditions of zero gas flow.