Forced Vital Capacity

Functional Residual Capacity of air

The amount of active chlorine available to kill microorganisms.

A measurement of graduating catheter size. 3 Fr (French) = 1 millimeter, 6 Fr=2millimeters in diameter.

A full body drape is required to meet the CDC Guideline for Central Line and PICC Line Insertions and exchanges specified in the definition of maximum sterile precautions. This full coverage prevents microorganisms, lint and debris from getting into the patients body, hair, clothing, oral or respiratory system, pillows, blankets, sheets, or attached devices and monitoring leads. Substituting two or more small drapes does not provide the same level of protection. They shift and rub against each other aerosolizing lint and bacteria, and they do not normally cover the same area. DO NOT reposition drape after set (see AORN sterile drapes above).

The amount of air (approximately 2.4 L for an adult) remaining in the lungs at the end of a normal exhalation; FRC consists of the expiratory reserve volume and the residual volume. The residual volume cannot be voluntarily exhaled; therefore, only part of the FRC is functional in terms of gas exchange. SEE lung volumes.

The base or deepest part of an organ; the portion farthest from the mouth of an organ, such as the fundus of the uterus or the fundus of an eye.

A skin infection involving an entire hair follicle and nearby skin tissue.

Joining of two or more into a single entity; the surgical joining of two or more vertebrae, performed to stabilize a segment of the spinal column after severe trauma, herniation of a disk, or degenerative disease.

An instrument used in medical diagnosis for observing the internal structure of opaque objects (as the living body) by means of the shadow cast by the object examined upon a fluorescent screen when placed between the screen and a source of X-rays.